On this day 29 years ago, Croatia, which was at the time one of six federal republics in the Socialist Yugoslav Federation, held a referendum on its independence in which the lion's share of voters supported plans for the country's independence and sovereignty.
The outcome of the referendum on May 19, 1991, paved the way for the parliamentary decisions on severing ties with the communist Yugoslav Federation and on gaining the country's independence and sovereignty.
Several weeks after the referendum, on June 25, 1991, parliament adopted the constitutional decision on the sovereignty and independence of the Republic of Croatia.
A decision to hold the referendum had been made by President Franjo Tudjman during negotiations on solving the crisis in relations between the republics that made up the then Yugoslavia.
The referendum offered two options: The first asked voters if they were in favour of Croatia becoming a sovereign and independent state, guaranteeing cultural autonomy and civil rights to Serbs and other minorities in Croatia, free to form an association of sovereign states with other former Yugoslav republics. The second option asked voters whether they would prefer Croatia remain a part of Yugoslavia.
Voters overwhelmingly chose independence, with nearly 94 percent for and 4 percent against.
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