Today, Croatia celebrates Statehood Day, remembering May 30, 1990, when, after decades of communist rule, the foundations of a modern Parliament were laid and its historical role in preserving Croatian statehood was confirmed. This year's Statehood Day marks the 32nd anniversary of the constitution of the first Democratic and Multi-Party Parliament.
On the occasion of Statehood Day and the 30th anniversary of the international recognition of the Republic of Croatia, Prime Minister Andrej Plenković and Parliament Speaker Gordan Jandroković laid wreaths at the Monument to the Homeland at Stjepan Radić Square.
“We do not know what will happen in the coming years and in such times the nation should be united. It is normal that there are worldview and party differences, but we must know how to overcome them. We need to know how to talk to each other and respect each other. The interest of our citizens must be a priority for all of us,” said Parliament Speaker Gordan Jandroković.
“First of all, it is a great pleasure that this generation of Croats has experienced the dream of their country, secondly - that by joint efforts with as much unity as possible we are building Croatia to be better both economically and socially. And third - to position ourselves in Europe and globally as a responsible state that is always on the right side of history, especially today when we are witnessing Russia's brutal aggression against Ukraine,” said Prime Minister Andrej Plenković.
At Zagreb's Mirogoj cemetery, a delegation from the City of Zagreb led by Mayor Tomislav Tomašević laid wreaths and lit candles at the central cross, at the Voice of the Croatian Victims memorial, in the Alley of Croatian Veterans and at the memorial to unidentified victims of the Homeland War. Thus, the celebration of Statehood Day, the Day of the Defenders of the City of Zagreb and the Day of the City of Zagreb officially began.
Croatian Armed Forces weapons and equipment display at Zagreb's Jarun Lake
A display of Weapons and Equipment of the Croatian Armed Forces, the Interior Ministry, the Ministry of Croatian Veterans and Civil Protection is being held at the Jarun Lake. During the day, citizens will be able to see demonstration exercises of the Honor Battalion, Military Police Regiment and Special Forces Command, as well as a Croatian Air Force flight program and a marching concert of the Croatian Army Orchestra and Croatian Army Jazz Orchestra, which will take place at 7 p.m.
State leadership at mass for the homeland
On the occasion of Statehood Day, Zagreb Archbishop of Zagreb, Cardinal Josip Bozanić, lead Mass for the Homeland in the Worship Area of the Blessed Alojzije Stepinac on Kaptol, which was attended by the state leadership.
The Cravat Regiment is performing a standard change of the guard on May 30 on Statehood Day, and the guest rider will be Dean Rostohar, a retired member of the Alpha Special Forces. The ceremony begins with an inspection of weapons, two guards will be placed in front of the monument to Ban Jelačić, then a guard will be set up at the cathedral, and after a procession through Kaptol and Tkalčićeva street, a prayer of thanksgiving will follow.
On May 30, 1990, parliament was too crowded for all representatives and guests. In the working part of the session, the Commission for Elections and Appointments was first elected, headed by Ivan Milas, on whose proposal the leadership of the first multiparty parliament was elected. Žarko Domljan was elected Parliament Speaker, and Ivica Percan, Stjepan Sulimanac and Vladimir Šeks Deputy Speakers.
Stipe Mesić was elected President of the Executive Council of Parliament, and Dr. Franjo Tuđman was elected President of the Presidency of the Socialist Republic of Croatia. He addressed those present and pointed out that throughout its long history, "the Croatian State Assembly has been the guardian of the sovereignty of the Croatian people in relation to other national and state communities."
The first convocation had 351 deputies and three councils: the municipality, the associated labor and the socio-political council. The majority, 207 out of 351 seats, was held by the Croatian Democratic Union, the League of Communists of Croatia - Party of Democratic Change had 107 seats, the Coalition of People's Agreement had 21, the Serbian Democratic Party had five, while 13 seats went to independents and representatives of national minorities.
The Parliament from the '90s worked for a little more than two years and in August 1992 elections were held for the House of Representatives of Croatian Parliament, the new Parliament had only one House and significantly fewer members, 138. Nevertheless, and considering the fact that part of the mandate was conducted under the circumstances of the war, the first convocation made historic decisions on Croatian sovereignty and independence and the severing of state legal ties with the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, as well as the "Christmas Constitution".
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